If you are looking for a quick answer to questions about cannabidiol (CBD) bothering you, then you’ve come to the right place. In this article we will try to dispel all doubts and misunderstandings. We invite you to read short, but substantive answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about CBD.
Is CBD legal?
Fortunately, the answer is yes! CBD, unlike THC, is not a psychoactive substance, so there are no contraindications and restrictions regarding its use. What is important, is that products containing cannabidiol do not contain additional tetrahydrocannabinol at a level higher than the one allowed by law. It, of course, differs around the world – still, usually the legal THC level oscillates around 0,3%. When buying CBD products from reliable and legal sources, you can be sure than, that you do not break the law.
How is CBD created?
There are several basic methods for extracting cannabidiol from hemp (both flowers and whole plants). The process looks the easiest in terms of oils. A modern and popular method for obtaining safe oil from high-quality CBD is supercritical CO2 extraction. It is a multi-stage process, and the most important one is the treatment of hemp dust (or fines) with carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures. Another innovative but not very popular method is the ultrasonic extraction. Unfortunately, it is expensive and the necessary devices are hard to get. Extraction of cannabidiol oil from hemp can also be done in slightly less demanding conditions – with solvents (eg ethanol), ice or even olive oil. Isolation of pure cannabidiol to a powder form (which will eventually enrich drugs and eg gums or chewing gums) bring a bit more complications. The CBD isolate is obtained via chromatography (there are at least a few types), followed by the crystallization of cannabidiol from the extract obtained earlier.
Can CBD be smoked?
In stores offering CBD products, you can often find a suspicious dried flowers and resin (hash) from cannabis. Pre-empting all objections – these are completely legal products, intended for health supporting use. Contrary to our first instincts, however, smoking them is not the best solution. At high temperatures, a significant percentage of cannabidiol degrades, so the expected health benefits may not be noticeable at a satisfactory level. Of course, if someone fancy such a form, there are no contraindications. Nonetheless, it is best to vaporize the dried plants and hash with CBD. In purposely designed devices (the so-called vaporizers), the product is being heated to a temperature high enough to allow the release of the active substance (cannabidiol) in the form of vapors, but low enough to prevent the combustion process.
Is CBD addictive?
At the moment, nothing is known about the addictive properties of CBD. No studies so far have shown it be even probable. A detailed report on cannabidiol published by the WHO describes it as a completely safe substance, and the potential for its abuse is negligible. What’s more – specialist magazines are full of suggestions that cannabidiol may help in the treatment of addictions from harmful substances such as heroin or even tobacco.
Does CBD have a calming effect?
Unfortunately, the question of CBD’s calming effect is not clear, and the research is not conclusive. The vast majority of researchers, however, point to the high potential of cannabidiol in eliminating the effects of stress. In addition, CBD seems to significantly alleviate the symptoms of anxiety of various backgrounds, even in serious conditions, i.e. panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Therefore, in a big simplification, yes – cannabidiol can have a calming effect. Nevertheless, these things are best confirmed empirically.
Does CBD cure cancer?
A simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer would be a huge simplification here. There is a lot of research that emphasize the anti-cancer activity of CBD, but many people remain skeptical. In contrast to the relatively well-known pharmacokinetics of THC, there is still a lot to explain in the case of CBD. Its anti-cancer activity is not directly related to our endocannabinoid system and its CB1 and CB2 receptors, as it happens with THC. It is therefore not entirely clear how cannabidiol works. Nevertheless, detailed analyzes show that CBD stimulates apoptosis (programmed death) of cancer cells. This phenomenon is best known in the case of glioma and breast cancer (which does not exclude similar functions in the case of other cancers too). CBD may also perform chemopreventive effects (it may limit the development of cancer cells) in lung or colon cancer.
How to use CBD?
The question of how to use CBD may indeed raise a lot of controversy. There are just as many dilemmas, as many ways of cannabidiol administration. And rightly so – each method is characterized by a different rate of absorption and bioavailability of the CBD. The optimal way to deliver this substance to your body is the sublingual application of CBD oils. They are efficient, absorb easily and with relatively small losses and are simply comfortable. Vaporization is an equally effective method. Here, however, we have to be ready to bear slightly higher costs (additionally, we have to buy a vaporizer).
How to dose CBD?
The most important thing you should know about CBD dosage is that you actually can not overdose it. As for now, no lethal dose has been set – probably because it doesn’t exist. Even very large amounts of cannabidiol show little toxicity in the body. However, it should be borne in mind that when used intensively, unwanted side effects such as drowsiness and low blood pressure may occur.
Unfortunately, the exact daily dose of CBD has not been clearly elaborated. Therefore, it’s not entirely clear in what amounts it should be taken in order to obtain specific effects. It is worth to keep in mind that each of us differs in terms of physiology and metabolism, just as our needs and expectations differ. As it seems, it’s best to develop an individual dosage taking these determinants into account. However, if you do not want to take a risk – you can buy yourself CBD capsules and let go of thinking about measuring the right doses.
Does CBD really work?
Today, it seem like nobody doubts that CBD works anymore. Science has still not explored the exact performance of cannabidiol in the human body, but its effects are undeniable. CBD, both as a supplement and medicine with enters the mainstream with a flourish. It also slowly climbs to the VIP position in the conventional medicine box. Until recently, cannabidiol have been used only in alternative therapies but today it is a hope for thousands of people struggling with serious illnesses.
If your doubts have not yet been resolved or if any new question have emerged while reading this article – we invite you to let us know in the comment section. We will do our best to address these issues.
Blessing E. M., Steenkamp M. M., Manzanares J., Marmar C. R., 2015: Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836
Prud’homme M., Cata R., Jutras-Aswad D., 2015: Cannabidiol as an Intervention for Addictive Behaviors: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 9